unter Mitarbeit von

Natalia Bolatti-Guzzo

Andrea Intilia, Alvise Matessi & Marco De Pietri


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  • = Schwemer D., Religion and Power, in: HHE 355-418. [Ch. 8; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110661781-009. Abstract: This chapter surveys the religious traditions of Hittite Anatolia with a special focus on the relationship between various forms of power on the one hand and religious practices, concepts, and narratives on the other. Topics discussed include the role of religious traditions in the authorization of royal power and in the formation of statehood, both with regard to the internal structure of the society of the Hittite kingdom and with regard to its external relations. The deities of the Hittite pantheon are presented as extremely powerful, but otherwise human-like beings, transcendent and removed from immediate grasp, but, at the same time, very immanent to this world. The most prominent deities are portrayed in some more detail according to the extant textual and iconographical sources. Further sections are devoted to the mythological narratives and various religious practices, including the temple cult and its festivals, apotropaic and therapeutic rituals, prayer literature, and divinatory techniques. The contribution emphasizes the dynamic plurality of cultural traditions and linguistic milieus evident in the complex, ever-shifting texture of beliefs and practices that we simplistically refer to as ‘Hittite religion.’]

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